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URL: http://www.hechshers.info/ingredients/index.htm
E-mail: info@hechshers.info
Compiled by Roger Shlomo Harris
Copyright 2006-2012

 
www.hechshers.info

Ingredients
foods, additives and allergies


 
BOOK: FRONT COVER

BACK COVER

Nature's Wealth, by Rabbi Moshe Cohen Shaouli and Rabbi Yaakov Fisher © 1999. ISBN: not known.

 
BOOK: FRONT COVER

Allergy - Free at Last
by Leiba Bibla
ISBN-13:978-160091-028-9 yeast-free, soy-free, egg-free, nut-free, gluten-free

 
BOOK: FRONT COVER

Gluten Free guide
by Carole Smollan
ISBN: 978-0-9556749-9-0

The names of the food ingredients listed below have been copied from kosher food packaging, specifically that which was obtained when buying hechshered foods for my meals. No data derived from the packaging of non-kosher food, i.e. without a hechsher, is included. Each ingredient would have been certified kosher in order for the food to be labelled as kosher. In many cases I have added a descriptive term, e.g. (colouring).
 
Reading the list of ingredients on a food package is not always easy for the text may be (1) in a very small font size, (2) in a colour which does not contrast strongly with its background colour or (3) printed against a patterned or pictorial background.
 
A kashrut authority needs to have a deep knowledge of food chemistry and food technology in order to decide after examining a production process whether or not a resulting food product may be labelled as kosher. If you are eating any kind of kosher processed food then it is likely that you will have eaten a combination of some of the ingredients listed below. It's worth considering whether a kosher ingredient is also a healthy ingredient.
 
The inspiration for the centralised arrangement of the alphabetical list on this page was A Women's Thesaurus: An Index of Language Used to Describe and Locate Information by and About Women by Mary Ellen S. Capek. Harper & Row / Perennial Publishers, 1989. ISBN: 0-06-091552-8.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


Links to information about the various chemical formulations which are part of kosher processed food:
Foods  
Fish: http://www.kashrut.com/consumer/fish/
Fruits: http://thefoody.com/basic/fruitindex.html
Herbs and Spices: http://thefoody.com/basic/herbindex.html
Liquids (animal and vegetable milks): #
Meat: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Meat
Vegetables: http://thefoody.com/basic/vegindex.html

Additives  
http://www.drsref.com.au/foodaddcodes.html
An article published by the Jewish Chronicle, London, 26 Oct 2007.
Antioxidants
http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Antioxidants
Colouring agents
http://www.pbm.com/~lindahl/articles/food_coloring_agents.html
http://homecooking.about.com/library/weekly/aa020298a.htm
E Numbers
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/E_numbers
http://www.foodlaw.rdg.ac.uk/additive.htm
Flavour enhancers
http://www.mbm.net.au/health/620-640.htm
Preservatives
http://www.foodadditivesworld.com/preservatives.html
Stabilisers
http://www.science.edu.sg/ssc/~~
Sweeteners
http://www.ctahr.hawaii.edu/oc/freepubs/pdf/FST-16.pdf
Vitamins and minerals
http://www.healthchecksystems.com/vitamins.htm
http://www.kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/food/vitamin.html

Allergies  
Tamar Warga's kosher food allergy site:
  blog: www.kosherfoodallergies.blogspot.com
  e-book: A TASTE OF SWEETNESS - Festive,
Allergy-Friendly Recipes for Rosh Hashana
by Tamar Warga
Downloadable E-Book
 
Excluded Ingredients
 
Some ingredients are excluded from foods and their absence may be cited as advantageous. Some are ..
rBST, a growth hormone used to enhance milk production in cows.
GM or GMO: Genetically Modified Organism. Fruit and vegetables may be labelled with a four-digit PLU number which indicates its type. An '8' prefix, 8xxxx, indicates genetically modified produce while a '9' prefix, 9xxxx, indicates organic produce. [more about PLUs]
 


 
Glossary of Ingredients
the names have been copied from ingredient lists
on kosher food packaging


                               A   
                                acetic acid 
     sodium hydrogen carbonate (acidity corrector)
                          E575 (acidulant)
                                acidulants
                                adipic acid
                                agar-agar
                            egg albumen
                                albumen powder
                                allergen: may contain peanuts/ground nuts/tree nuts
                                almonds (ground)       
                                alpha amylase
                                ammonium bicarbonate INS 503ii (raising agent)
                                annatto INS 160b (red colouring)
              cellulose powder (anti-caking)
               silicon dioxide (anticaking agent) 
                          E220 (antioxidant)
                          E300 (antioxidant)
                          E301 (antioxidant)
                          E361 (antioxidant)                                
                          E385 (antioxidant)
                                antioxidants  
                                apple cider
                                apple fibre
                                apple juice
                   concentrated apple puree
                                apple
                                apricot kernels
                                apricot pips
                                apricots
                                arabica coffee beans
                                aroma
                                artificial colour  
                                artificial flavour  
                                ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
   phenylalanine (ingredient of aspartame)
       sweetener high intensive aspartame  
                                aubergine
                                avocado
                               B   
                                baking powder  
                                Baltic smoked sprats
                                banana flakes
                                banana puree
                                banana
                                barley malt
                                basil
                                beef
                                beet juice
                            red beet juice                                
                                beet powder
                                beetroot
                                beets
                                bell peppers
                                beta-carotene (colouring)
                                bicarbonate of soda  
                                black tea
                                blue 1 (colouring)  
                                blueberries
                                broccoli
                               C   
                            red cabbage
                                caffeine  
                                calcium acetate
                                calcium carbonate
                                calcium chloride
                                calcium phosphate  
                                calcium  
                                canola oil
                                caramel
                                caramelised sugar
                                caraway seeds
                                carbonated water  
                                carboxymethyl cellulose
                                carnuba wax [also carnauba]
                                carob bean gum
                         E160A (caroten, natural colouring)
                                carp (fish)
                                carrageenan
                                carrots
                     dehydrated carrots  
                                cashew nuts
                                cauliflower
                                CBS ??
                                celery extract
                     dehydrated celery
                                cellulose gum
                                cellulose powder (anti-caking)
                                cheese culture
                                cheese
                                cherries
                                chick peas
                                chicken fat
                                chicken liver
                                chicken meat
                           milk chocolate
                                cinnamon
                                citric acid (preservative)
                                cocoa butter
                                cocoa mass  
                                cocoa powder
                                cocoa processed with alkali
                                cod roe
                                coffee powder
                        arabica coffee beans
                        robusta coffee beans
                                coffeecolour 128  
                     artificial colour
                   annatto (red colouring)               
                 beta-carotene (colouring)
                        blue 1 (colouring)
                          E102 (colouring)
                          E110 (colouring)
                          E122 (colouring)
                          E124 (colouring)
                          E129 (colouring)
                          E132 (colouring)
        E160A (caroten, natural colouring)
                   FD&C Blue 1 (colouring)
                   FD&C Red 40 (colouring)
              FD&C Red 40 Lake (colouring)
                 FD&C Yellow 5 (colouring)
                    ponceau 4R (colouring)  
                         red 3 (colouring)
                      yellow 5 (colouring) 
                      yellow 6 (colouring) 
                    iron oxide (colouring)
                                confectioner's glaze
                                coriander (herb)
                                corn flour
                                corn oil
                                corn protein glaze
                                corn starch
                                corn syrup
                                corn
                                cottage cheese
                   hydrogenated cottonseed oil
                                cottonseed oil
                                couscous
                                cucumbers
                                cultures
                                cumin (herb)
                               D   
                          fresh dates
                    vegetables (dehydrated) 
                                dextrose
                                dicalcium phosphate dihydrate  
                                dietary fibre
                                diglycerides
                                dill
                                dipotassium phosphate
                                disodium diphosphate  
                                disodium guanylate (flavour enhancer)   
                                disodium inosinate (flavour enhancer)   
                                disodium phosphate  
                                dough conditioner  
                                durum flour
                                durum wheat semolina
                               E   
                                E102 (colouring)  
                                E110 (colouring)  
                                E122 (colouring)  
                                E124 (colouring)  
                                E127
                                E129 (colouring)  
                                E132 (colouring)  
                                E1412 natural stabilisers
                                E1442 waxy maize starch
                                E160A (caroten, natural colouring)
                                E173
                                E202 (preservative)  
                                E211 (preservative) 
                                E220 (antioxidant)  
                                E221 (preservative)  
                                E223 (preservative)
                                E224  
                                E250 (preservative: sodium nitrite)  
                                E251 (nitrate)  
                    food acids (E262, E326)
                                E300 (antioxidant)  
                                E301 (antioxidant)  
                                E322 (emulsifier)
              food acids (E262, E326)
                                E331 emulsifying salt  
                                E339
                                E351 (sodium ascorbate)  
                                E361 (antioxidant)
                                E401 (stabiliser)
                                E407  
                                E412 (stabiliser)
                                E415  
                                E450 (stabiliser)  
              sodium phosphate (E450, E452)
                                E451 (stabiliser)  
        sodium phosphate (E450, E452)
                                E452 (stabiliser)   
                                E460
                                E466 
                                E471 (emulsifier)
                                E476
                                E500 (raising agent)  
                                E575 (acidulant)  
                                E621 (flavour enhancer)  
                                E631 (flavour enhancer)  
                                EDTA  (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, preservative)
                  reconstituted egg 
                                egg white powder
                                egg white  
                                egg yolk
                                eggplant
                                eggs
                                elder [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                emulsifier  
                          E471 (emulsifier)
                          E322 (emulsifier)
                                enzymes
                         kosher enzymes  
                                ethyl vanilin  
                               F   
                                FD&C Blue 1 (colouring)
                                FD&C Red 40 Lake (colouring)
                                FD&C Red 40 (colouring)  
                                FD&C Yellow 5 (colouring)
                                FD&C Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, U.S.A. 
                                ferric diphosphate  
                                ferric phosphate  
                                ferrous sulphate  
                        mullet (fish)
                    Nile perch (fish)
                        pollak (fish)
                          carp (fish)
                       whiting (fish) 
            disodium guanylate (flavour enhancer)
                          E621 (flavour enhancer)
          monosodium glutamate (flavour enhancer)
                          E631 (flavour enhancer)
            disodium guanylate (flavour enhancer)
            disodium inosinate (flavour enhancer)
                     artificial flavour
         green grape artificial flavour
               mango artificial flavour
                  natural smoke flavour
              papaya artificial flavour
                         guava (flavouring, artificial)
                      vanillin (flavouring)
                          wheat flour
                                flour
                     unbleached flour
                          durum flour
                                folic acid
                                food acids (E262, E326)
      potassium metabisulphite (freshness enhancer)
                                fructose syrup
                                fructose
                                fruit aroma
                               G   
                                garlic
                                garlic powder
                    kosher fish gelatin
                         kosher gelatin
                                gellan gum
                                gherkins
                                glucose syrup
                                glucose
                                gluten
                          wheat gluten
                                glycerine
                                GMS ??
                                goose fat
                                grain protein
                                grape juice
                          green grape artificial flavour
                                grapes (concentrate)
                                green beans
                                guar gum (thickening agent) 
                                guava (flavouring, artificial)
                               H   
                                haddock
                                hazelnuts
                                herbs
                                herring
                                honey
                                hops
                                Hops = houblon (Fr) = Humulus lupulus = Lupulin 
                                horehound [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                horseradish
                                horseradish powder
                         Hops = houblon (Fr) = Humulus lupulus = Lupulin 
                                hydrogenated palm oil
                         partly hydrogenated soybean oil 
                                hydrogenated vegetable oil
                                hydrogenated cottonseed oil
                                hydroxyethylcellulose
                                hyssop [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                               I   
                                inositol
                        annatto INS 160b (red colouring)
                  soya lecithin INS 322 (stabiliser)
      sodium acid pyrophosphate INS 450i
             sodium bicarbonate INS 500ii raising agent
           ammonium bicarbonate INS 503ii (raising agent)
                                INS International Numbering System
                                inulin (polysaccharide)
                                iron oxide (colouring)
                                iron (mineral nutrients)  
                                isomalt (sweetener)  
                               J   
                               K   
                               L   
                                lactic acid culture
                                lactic acid  
                                leavening agent = raising agent
                                leavening agents  
                                lecithin
                      vegetable lecithin
                                lemon balm [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                lemon juice
                                lemon solution
                                lima beans
                                linden flowers [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                locust bean gum
                               M   
                                magnesium carbonate (anti-caking agent)
                                magnesium hydroxide
                                magnesium phosphate
                                maize
                     E1442 waxy maize starch
                                malic acid
                                mallow [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                malt extract
                                malt
                                maltodextrin
                                mandarin oranges  
                                mango puree
                                mango slices
                                mango artificial flavour
                                mango concentrate
                                manitol
                                margarine
                                matzo meal
                                mayonnaise
                                meat
                                medium fat milk
                                menthol [active medicinal ingredient]
                                methyl cellulose (stabiliser)  
                                milk (cow's)
                                milk (goat)
                        skimmed milk powder
                          whole milk powder
                                milk powder
                       cultured milk
                     medium fat milk
                                minced garlic
                          iron (mineral nutrients) 
                                modified food starch
                                monoglycerides
                                monosodium glutamate (flavour enhancer)   
                                morels (mushrooms)
                                mozzarella cheese
                                muenster cheese
                                mulase  
                                mullet (fish)
                                mushrooms
                     dehydrated mushrooms 
                                mustard flour
                               N   
                                natural flavour
                                niacin  
                    vitamin B3 (niacin)
                          E251 (nitrate)
                                nougat
                               O   
                                oat bran
                                oat flour
                                oat meal
                                olive oil
                   extra virgin olive oil (first pressing)
                                olives (green) 
                                onion powder
                                onion
                          dried onion
                                onion (fried) 
                     dehydrated onions
                                orange pekoe tea
                   concentrated orange juice
                                oregano (herb)
                               P   
                                palm kernel oil
                   hydrogenated palm oil
                                palm oil
                                pantothenic acid  
                    vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
                                papaya artificial flavour
                                paprika extract
                                paprika 
                                parsley
                                parsley
                                parsnip flakes
                                pasteurised milk
                                pea fibres                                
                        roasted peanuts
                                peanuts
                                pear juice from concentrate
                                pearl barley
                                pears (concentrate)
                                peas
                                pecan nuts
                          fruit pectin
                                pectin (gelling agent)
                                pepper extract
                                pepper (black)
                                pepper (white)
                                peppermint [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                            red peppers
                                peppers (hot)
                           Nile perch (fish)
                                phenylalanine (ingredient of aspartame)
                                phosphoric acid   
                                pickled cucumbers
                                pickled herring
                                pike
                                pimento (sweet) 
                                pine nuts
                                pineapple concentrate
                                pistachio nuts
                                pollak (fish)
                                polydextrose
                                polysorbate 60
                                ponceau 4R (colouring)
                                poppy seeds
                                potassium citrate  
                                potassium metabisulphite (freshness enhancer)   
                                potassium sorbate (preservative)   
                     dehydrated potato 
                                potato flakes
                                potato flour
                                potato starch
                                potato
                          E202 (preservative)
                          E211 (preservative) 
                          E221 (preservative)
                          E250 (preservative: sodium nitrite)
             potassium sorbate (preservative)
                          E223 (preservative)
                   sorbic acid (preservative)
               sodium benzoate (preservative)
                   citric acid (preservative) 
                                preservatives
                                protein isolate  
                               Q   
                               R   
                          E500 (raising agent)
   sodium bicarbonate INS 500ii raising agent
              leavening agent = raising agent
ammonium bicarbonate INS 503ii (raising agent)
            sodium bicarbonate (raising agent)
                                raisins
                                rapeseed oil
                                red 3 (colouring) 
                                red 40 (colouring)   
                                red cabbage
              annatto INS 160b (red colouring)
                                red peppers
                                rennet
                    vitamin B2 (riboflavin) 
                                riboflavin  
                                rice bran
                                rice flour
                     wholegrain rice
                                ricotta impastata
                                robusta coffee beans
                                rusk
                                rye flour
                               S   
                         sodium saccharine
                                saccharine  
                                sage [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                salmon
                                salt
                            sea salt
                          table salt
                                sardines
                    durum wheat semolina
                                sesame seed paste
                                sesame seeds
                                silica
                                silicon dioxide (anticaking agent)  
                                sodium acid pyrophosphate INS 450i
                          E351 (sodium ascorbate)
                                sodium benzoate (preservative)
                                sodium bicarbonate (raising agent) INS 500ii
                                sodium citrate (acidity regulator)
                                sodium fluoride
                                sodium hydrogen carbonate (acidity corrector)
                                sodium lauryl sulfate
                                sodium metabisulphate
                                sodium monofluorophosphate  
            E250 (preservative: sodium nitrite)
                                sodium phosphate (E450, E452)
                                sodium saccharine
                                sodium stearoyl lactylate   
                                somatitol 
                                sorbic acid (preservative)  
                                sorbitol  
                                sour cream
                                soy bean oil
                                soy protein
                                soy protein (rehydrated textured)
                                soy, traces of
                                soya - not during Passover
                                soya beans
                                soya flour
                                soya lecithin INS 322 (stabiliser)
                      vegetable soya oil
            partly hydrogenated soybean oil
                                spelt flour
                                spice extracts
                     irradiated spices
                                spices
                                spinach
                  Baltic smoked sprats
                      E412 (stabiliser) 
                          E450 (stabiliser)
                          E451 (stabiliser)
                          E452 (stabiliser)
              methyl cellulose (stabiliser)
         soya lecithin INS 322 (stabiliser)
                   xanthan gum (stabiliser)
                          E401 (stabiliser)
                  E1412 natural stabilisers
                                stabilisers  
                                starch syrup [inactive medicinal ingredient]
               E1442 waxy maize starch
                          wheat starch
                  modified food starch
                                starch
                                strawberry puree
                                sucralose (sweetener)  
                                sucrose
                          brown sugar
                     brown cane sugar
                    caramelised sugar  
                       inverted sugar
                                sugar
                                sugar syrup
                                sulfites  
                                sunflower oil
                                sunflower seeds
                                sweetener high intensive aspartame
                     sucralose (sweetener)
                       isomalt (sweetener)
                               T   
                                tahina
                                tapioca starch
                                taurine
                                tetrasodium pyrophosphate
                                thiamin (vitamin B1)   
                    vitamin B1 (thiamin)
                                thiamine mononitrate  
                      guar gum (thickening agent) 
                                thyme [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                           wild thyme [inactive medicinal ingredient]
                                tofu
                                tomato concentrate
                                tomato paste
                                tomato powder
                                tomato puree
                                tomatoes
                                torula yeast (contains sulfites)
                                triphosphate
                                trisodium citrate (acidity regulator)
                                trisodium phosphate
                                tuna
                                turkey dark meat
                                turkey fat
                                turkey liver
                                turkey meat
                                turmeric extract
                                turmeric
                               U   
                                unbleached flour 
                               V   
                                vanilla
                                vanillin (flavouring)
                                vegetable diglycerides
                                vegetable fat
                                vegetable monoglycerides
                                vegetable oil
                  fried in pure vegetable oil
                       hardened vegetable oil
                         liquid vegetable oil
                                vegetable protein (hydrolised)
                                vegetable shortening (soy bean and/or palm kernel oil)
                                vegetable soya oil
                                vegetable wax coating
                                vegetable lecithin
                                vegetables (dehydrated) 
                                vine leaves
                                vinegar
                         spirit vinegar
                                vitamin A
                                vitamin A palmitate  
                       thiamin (vitamin B1)  
                                vitamin B1 (thiamin)  
                                vitamin B12  
                                vitamin B2 (riboflavin)   
                                vitamin B3 (niacin)  
                                vitamin B5 (pantothenic acid)
                                vitamin B6  
                                vitamin C  
                 ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
                                vitamin D3  
                                vitamin E  
                               W   
                                walnut oil
                                walnuts
                     carbonated water
                                water
                                wheat flakes
                                wheat flour
                                wheat gluten
                                wheat protein
                                wheat
                                wheat starch
                                white fish
                                white fish skin on
                                white mineral oil
                                whiting (fish) 
                                whole wheat
                               X   
                                xanthan gum (stabiliser)  
                               Y   
                                yeast extract
                         torula yeast (contains sulfites)
                      autolyzed yeast extract
                                yellow 5 (colouring)  
                                yellow 6 (colouring)   
                                yoghurt cultures
                               Z   
                                zinc oxide  
                                zucchini